The Zika Virus

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In humans, it initially causes a mild illness known as Zika fever, Zika, or Zika disease, which since the 1950s has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia.

Zika virus is transmitted by daytime-active mosquitoe. Common symptoms of infection with the virus include mild headaches, maculopapular rash, fever, malaise, pink eye, and joint pains.

Zika virus can be detected and diagnosed through blood tests. If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms we mentioned above, make an appointment with your healthcare provider.

There is no cure for the Zika virus, and no medications or vaccines can prevent the infection.

To treat your symptoms, however, you can do the following, the CDC says:

- Rest.
- Prevent dehydration with plenty of fluids.
- Relieve fever and pain with acetaminophen, BUT do not take aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen; anti-inflammatory and non-steroid drugs can increase your risk of hemorrhaging if you have dengue instead of the Zika virus.
- Avoid mosquitoes for the first week of illness and symptoms (i.e. stay indoors) to prevent spreading the virus.

Zika-affected areas:

AMERICAS

  • Barbados
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • French Guiana
  • Guadeloupe
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Martinique
  • Mexico
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Puerto Rico
  • Saint Martin
  • Suriname
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Venezuela

OCEANIA/PACIFIC ISLANDS

  • Samoa

AFRICA

  • Cape Verde

All travelers check with their primary care provider for travel recommendations and visit the CDC Travelers' Health site for the most updated information. There isn’t a vaccine to prevent Zika. To prevent this diseas is to avoid being bitten.

Take insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, lemon eucalyptus oil, and para-menthane-diol provide long-lasting protection.

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